Official inquiry into the murder of Alexander Litvinenko, which concluded that "the FSB operation to kill Mr Litvinenko was probably approved by Mr Patrushev (ex-FSB chief) and also by President Putin."
The report, commissioned by the World Anti-Doping Agency, concludes that the Russian state had manipulated the system to monitor and prevent doping: "Not only does the evidence implicate the Russian Ministry of Sport in running a doping system whose sole aim was to subvert the doping control process, it also states that there was active participation and assistance of the Federal Security Service."
An independent tribunal rules that Russia illegally seized and detained a Greenpeace ship and its crew in September 2013, thus violating the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The tribunal ordered Russia to pay damages which were subsequently set at €5.4 million.
Adopted by the U.S. Congress in 2012, the Magnitsky Act punishes the Russian state officials responsible for the brutal murder of Sergei Magnitsky in a Moscow prison in 2009. The law also refers to the imprisonment of former Yukos executives, Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Platon Lebedev, as further examples of Russia's contempt for the rule of law.
The report concludes that "Russian President, Vladimir Putin, ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US
presidential election. Russia’s goals were to undermine public faith in the US democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency."
Former Yukos majority shareholders provide written evidence to the UK's House of Commons Select Committee on Foreign Affairs as it conducts an inquiry into Russian corruption and the UK. Our evidence describes how Yukos was illegally expropriated by the Kremlin; how Russia's largest state-controlled oil company, Rosneft, played a central role in the expropriation, and continues to act as a tool of Kremlin foreign policy; and proposes how the British government might respond to the Kremlin's growing assault on the rule of law.