The Court held that Russia had violated Article 6 (right to a fair trial) and Article 1 of Protocol 1 (right to enjoy property) of the European Convention on Human Rights, and ordered Russia to pay compensation of €1.87 billion to former Yukos shareholders.
The Court held that Russia had violated Article 3 (prohibition of torture), Article 5 (right to liberty), Article 6 (right to a fair trial) and Article 8 (right to privacy and family life) of the European Convention on Human Rights.
The Court held that Russia had violated Article 3 (prohibition of torture) and Article 5 (right to liberty) of the European Convention on Human Rights, and that the applicant’s detention on remand should be discontinued.
Independent tribunal in The Hague rules that "Russian courts bent to the will of Russian executive authorities to bankrupt Yukos, assign its assets to a State-controlled company, and incarcerate a man who gave signs of becoming a political competitor.” The tribunal awards $50 billion to former Yukos majority shareholders.
The Tribunal rules that the dispute between former Yukos majority shareholders and the Russian Federation is admissible and within its jurisdiction, and that the Tribunal has jurisdiction over the Russian Federation in connection with the merits of the dispute.
United Nations Treaty which recognises the ever-increasing importance of treaties as a source of international law and as a
means of developing peaceful cooperation among nations; and affirms that disputes concerning treaties should be settled by peaceful means and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law.
Signed in 1994, the Treaty declares that every participating state shall "encourage and create stable, equitable, favourable and transparent conditions for investors". It explicitly guards against illegal expropriation: investments shall not be nationalised or expropriated except where such a measure is in the public interest, non-discriminatory, lawful and duly compensated.
Official inquiry into the murder of Alexander Litvinenko, which concluded that "the FSB operation to kill Mr Litvinenko was probably approved by Mr Patrushev [ex-FSB chief] and also by President Putin."
The report, commissioned by the World Anti-Doping Agency, concludes that the Russian state had manipulated the system to monitor and prevent doping: "Not only does the evidence implicate the Russian Ministry of Sport in running a doping system whose sole aim was to subvert the doping control process, it also states that there was active participation and assistance of the Federal Security Service."
An independent tribunal rules that Russia illegally seized and detained a Greenpeace ship and its crew in September 2013, thus violating the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The tribunal ordered Russia to pay damages which were subsequently set at €5.4 million.
Adopted by the U.S. Congress in 2012, the Magnitsky Act punishes the Russian state officials responsible for the brutal murder of Sergei Magnitsky in a Moscow prison in 2009. The law also refers to the imprisonment of former Yukos executives, Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Platon Lebedev, as further examples of Russia's contempt for the rule of law.
The report concludes that "Russian President, Vladimir Putin, ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US
presidential election. Russia’s goals were to undermine public faith in the US democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency."
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